research paper on psychology and wwi

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Research Paper

a 10-12 page research paper on psychology and WWI. You will use primary and secondary sources, including course materials and compiled bibliography, to focus on how WWI influenced psychology, and how psychology influenced WWI and its aftermath. Use APA style, and use headings to reveal the structure of the paper.

Possible topics include:

Army Alpha #038; Army Beta tests

Impact on 1. Immigration quotas2. Eugenics

Shell shock aka PTSD

Famous psychologists of WWI: Yerkes, Dill, Watson, etc.

Committees established by APA

American Men of Science (1920)

Journal contents during/after WWI

Military psychology

Psychology outside the US: Britain, Germany, etc.

Contrast WWI and WWII and psychology

Textbook:R. Fancher #038; A. Rutherford (2016). Pioneers of psychology (5th ed).

possible related and useful bibliography

Adler, A. (1948). The so-called post-traumatic neuroses. Guiding human misfits: A practical application of individual psychology . Winchester, MA : Faber and Faber, 102-108.

Alexander, C. (2010, September 1). The shock of war. Retrieved from

Bell, J. C. (1918). Personnel. Journal of Educational Psychology, 9(7), 400–401.…

Black, W. (1991). Social Work in World War I: A Method Lost. Social Service Review, 65 (3), 379-402. Retrieved from

Bogousslavsky, J., #038; Tatu, L. (2013). French neuropsychiatry in the Great War: Between moral support and electricity. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 22(2), 144–154.

Brock, A.J. (1918). The re-education of the adult. I. The neurasthenic in war and peace. Sociological Review (1908-1952) , 10(1), 25-40.

Cardona, R. A., #038; Ritchie, E. C. (2007). U.S. military enlisted accession mental health screening: History and current practice. Military Medicine, 172(1), 31-35.

Carson, J. (1993). Army Alpha, Army Brass, and the Search for Army Intelligence. Isis, 84 (2), 278-309. Retrieved from…

Christie, D. J., #038; Montiel, C. J. (2013). Contributions of psychology to war and peace. The American Psychologist, 68(7), 502–513.…

Cooper, P. R. (1916). Treatment of “shell shock.” The British Medical Journal , 2 (2901), 201. Retrieved from…

Corvalan, J. C., #038; Klein, D. (2011). PTSD: diagnosis, evolution, and treatment of combat-related psychological/psychiatric injury. Missouri medicine, 108(4), 296–303.

Crossland, J. (1991). The pity of war. History Today, 41, 9–11.

Department, W. (1999). Excerpt of army mental test, group examination alpha. In American Journey : The Immigrant Experience . Woodbridge, CT: Primary Source Media. Retrieved from…

Department, W. (1999). Excerpt of army mental test, group examination beta. In American Journey : The Immigrant Experience . Woodbridge, CT: Primary Source Media. Retrieved from…

Dodman, T. (2011). “Belated Impress”: “River George” and the African American Shell Shock Narrative. African American Review, 44(1/2), 149–166.…

Driskell, J. E., #038; Olmstead. B. (1989). Psychology and the military: Research applications and trends. American Psychologist, 44(1), 43-54.

Egorov, B. (2019, January 9). How did the Russian army fight alcoholism? Retrieved from

Frounfelker, R., Gilman, S.E., et al. (2018). Civilians in World War II and DSM-IV mental disorders: results from the World Mental Health Survey Initiative. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology , 53(2), 207-2019.

Gadarian, S., #038; Albertson, B. (2014). Anxiety, Immigration, and the Search for Information. Political Psychology, 35 (2), 133-164. Retrieved from

Ganesh, R., Sarkar, S., Sagar, R. (2015). “Shell Shock”: An Entity that Predated Combat-related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Inspirations from History , 20(2), 85-87.

Garner, A. C., #038; Slattery, K. (2009). World War I and the Mobilization of Maternal Sacrifice: Considerations for Peace Politics. Journal for the Study of Peace #038; Conflict , 46–52. Retrieved from…

Gavin, L. (1997). American women in World War I: they also served . Niwot, CO: Univ. Press of Colorado.

Gibby, R. E., #038; Zickar, M. J. (2008). A history of the early days of personality testing in American industry: An obsession with adjustment. History of Psychology, 11(3), 164-184.

Gurney, I., #038; Archer, S. M. (2016). The RACKET and the FEAR. (cover story). History Today,

66(1), 11–18

Hall, G. S. (1917). Practical relations between psychology and the war. Journal of Applied Psychology, 1(1), 9–16.…

Hollingworth, H. L. (1990). Leta Stetter Hollingworth: a biography . Bolton, MA: Anker Pub. Co.

Hollingworth, L. (1916). Social Devices for Impelling Women to Bear and Rear Children. American Journal of Sociology, 22 (1), 19-29. Retrieved from

Howorth, P. W. (2000). The treatment of shell-shock: Cognitive therapy before its time. Psychiatric Bulletin, 24(6), 225–227.

Hutchinson, E. P. (1949). Immigration Policy Since World War I. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science , 262 (1), 15-21.

Jacob, F. (2018). Japanese War Crimes During World War II: Atrocity and the Psychology of Collective Violence . Santa Barbara, CA : Praeger.

Jones, D. (2008). Human behaviour: Killer instincts. Nature, 451(7178), 512.

Jones, E. (2006). The Psychology of Killing: The Combat Experience of British Soldiers during the First World War. Journal of Contemporary History, 41(2), 229. Retrieved from…

Jones, E. (2011). War Neuroses and Arthur Hurst: A Pioneering Medical Film about the Treatment of Psychiatric Battle Casualties. Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 67(3), 345–373. doi: 10.1093/jhmas/jrr015;…

Jones, E. (2012, June). Shell shocked. Monitor on Psychology, 43(6).

Jones, E., #038; Fear, N. T. (2011). Alcohol use and misuse within the military: A review. International Review of Psychiatry, 23(2), 166–172. doi: 10.3109/09540261.2010.550868;…

Jones, E., #038; Wessely, S. (2003). “Forward Psychiatry” in the Military: Its Origins and Effectiveness. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 16(4), 411–419

Jones, E., #038; Wessely, S. (2005). Shell Shock to PTSD : Military Psychiatry From 1900 to the Gulf War. Hove, East Sussex: Psychology Press. Retrieved from…

Jones, E., #038; Wessely, S. (2014). Battle for the mind: World War 1 and the birth of military psychiatry. Lancet (London, England), 384(9955), 1708–1714.…

Jones, F. D., M.D., #038; Hales, Robert E,M.D., M.B.A. (1987). Military combat psychiatry: A historical review. Psychiatric Annals, 17(8), 525-527. Retrieved from…

Keene, J. D. (1994). Intelligence and morale in the army of a democracy: The genesis of military psychology during the First World War. Military Psychology, 6(4), 235–253.…

Kelly, B. D. (2015). Shell shock in Ireland: The Richmond War Hospital, Dublin (1916–19). History of Psychiatry, 26(1), 50–63.

Kennedy, K. (1999). Disloyal mothers and scurrilous citizens: women and subversion during World War I . Bloomington: Indiana University Press

Kevles, D. J. (1968). Testing the army’s intelligence: Psychologists and the military in World War I. The Journal of American History , 55 (3), 565–581. doi: 10.2307/1891014

Larsson, M. (2009). Families and Institutions for Shell-Shocked Soldiers in Australia after the First World War, Social History of Medicine, Volume 22, Issue 1, April 2009, Pages 97–114,…

Lee, J. (2017). ‘Knights of the Air’: Joyful slaughter and the pleasures of moral survival. Journal

of Gender Studies, 26(1), 91–101.

Lembcke, J. (2016), “Shell Shock” in the American imagination: World War I’s most enduring legacy. Peace Change, 78-86. Retrieved from https://onlinelibrary-wiley-com.avoserv2.library.f…

Linden, S. C., Hess, V., #038; Jones, E. (2012). The neurological manifestations of trauma: lessons

from World War I. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 262(3),


Linden, S. C., Jones, E., #038; Lees, A. J. (2013). Shell shock at Queen Square: Lewis Yealland 100 years on. Brain: A Journal of Neurology, 136(6), 1976–1988.

Loren, B. (1960). The Servants of Power: A History of the Use of Social Science in American Industry. Wesleyan University Press.

Loughran, T. (2009). Shell-shock and psychological medicine in First World War Britain. Social History of Medicine , 22 (1), 79–95.

Loughran, T. (2012). Shell shock, trauma, and the First World War: the making of a diagnosis and its histories. Journal of the History of Medicine #038; Allied Sciences , 67 (1), 94–119.

Marcuse, F. L., #038; Bitterman, M. E. (1946). Notes on the results of army intelligence testing in World War I. Science , 104 (2697), 231-232. Retrieved from

Mccartney, H. B., #038; Facknitz, M. A. R. (2002). Shell Shock: Was the High Incidence of Shell Shock During the Great War Attributable to a Failure of Leadership? In D. Showalter (Ed.), History in Dispute (Vol. 9, pp. 209-216). Detroit, MI: St. James Press. Retrieved from…

McCrady, M. (2018, November 13). ‘If I Could Only Get My Mind Back To Normal’: PTSD in the Aftermath of WWI. Retrieved from

McDonald, M. C., Brandt, M., #038; Bluhm, R. (2018, November 11). From shell-shock to PTSD, a century of invisible war trauma. Retrieved from

McGuire, F. L. (1990). Psychology Aweigh!: A History of Clinical Psychology in the United States Navy, 1900-1988. American Psychological Association.

Melton, A. W. (1957). Military psychology in the United States of America. American Psychologist, 12(12), 740-746.

Mott, F. W. (1917). The Chadwick Lecture on mental hygiene and shell shock during and after the war. The British Medical Journal , 2 (2950), 39. Retrieved from…

Mott, F.W., Hollingsworth, H.L., et al. (1927). Problems of personality and character. Readings in abnormal psychology and mental hygiene , 637-663. D Appleton #038; Company.

Myers, C.S. (1916). Contributions to the study of shell shock, being an account of certain cases treated by hypnosis. Lancet,1, 65–69.

Norrholm, S. D. (2010). Optimization of Research and Clinical Applications for Combat-related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) : Progress Through Modern Translational Methodologies. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. Retrieved from…

Ogden, R. M. (1918). The training course for psychological examiners at Cornell University. Journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 179–185.…

Owen, Wilfred “Mental Cases,” by (1893-1918). The Estate of Wilfred Owen. The Complete Poems and Fragments of Wilfred Owen edited by Jon Stallworthy first published by Chatto #038; Windus, 1983. Preliminaries, introductory, editorial matter, manuscripts and fragments omitted. via First World War Poetry Digital Archive, accessed October 8, 2019,

Panunzio, C. (1931). The United States Immigration Policy. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 156 , 18-27. Retrieved from…

Parsons, G. A. (n.d.). The construction of shell shock in New Zealand, 1919-1939: A reassessment. Social History of Medicine , 26 (1), 56–73.

Pathé. (1918). War Neuroses. Retrieved October 24, 2019, from

Pedroso, J. L., Linden, S. C., Barsottini, O. G., MaranhÃo, P. F., #038; Lees, A. J. (2017). The relationship between the First World War and neurology: 100 years of “Shell Shock.” Arquivos De Neuro-Psiquiatria , 75 (5), 317–319.

Piep, K. (2005). War as Feminist Utopia in Dorothy Canfield Fisher’s Home Fires in France and Gertrude Atherton’s The White Morning. Women’s Studies , 34 (2), 159–189.…

Pols, H., #038; Oak, S. (2007). WAR #038; Military Mental Health: The US Psychiatric Response in the 20th Century. American Journal of Public Health, 97(12), 2132–2142.…

Popenoe, P. (1922). Intelligence and schooling: A review of some of the results of the army intelligence tests. The Journal of Heredity , 14 (3), 190–192.

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Reid, F. (2010). Broken Men: Shell Shock, Treatment and Recovery in Britain 1914-30. London: Continuum. Retrieved from…

Reid, F. (2014). ‘His nerves gave way’: Shell shock, history and the memory of the First World War in Britain. Endeavour , 38(2), 91-100.

Rosenberg, W. G. (2014). Reading Soldiers’ Moods: Russian Military Censorship and the Configuration of Feeling in World War I. American Historical Review, 119(3), 714–740.…

Roshwald, A., #038; Stites, R. (2002). European culture in the Great War: the arts, entertainment, and propaganda, 1914-1918. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

Rubin, B. R., #038; Snyder, J. L. (1998). Post-soviet political order: conflict and state building. London: Routledge.

Samuelson, F. (1977). World War I intelligence testing and the development of psychology. Journal of the History of Behavioral Sciences , 13(3), 274-282. 3.0.CO;2-K”><274:…

Shah, C. Q. (2010). “Against their own weakness”: policing sexuality and women in San Antonio, Texas, during World War I. Journal of the History of Sexuality , (3), 458. Retrieved from…

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World War I combat soldiers. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 33(1),


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