consumer confidence

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Prepare in a Word document using APA guidelines for margins and page numbers in header and spacing. Re-write in bold font the questions asked. Follow that with a well developed narrative answering the questions substantively while also providing rationale. Two other references that are APA reputable should also be included along with your text with in-text citations to support your case within the case narrative as appropriate. Include a reference page. (100 points)

It’s time to make a decision on a new car. Maya has been preparing for the moment when she will finally buy her own new car for the first time in her life, but she has waited to break the news to her family until closer to graduation. She now feels that she has done her homework and is ready to discuss her choices with her family before making the purchase. It all started about a year ago, when she was in the last year of medical school. Maya had been thinking about her residency in a city hospital, one that is well-known for her specialty, neuroradiology. Along with moving away from home and fitting into the hospital culture, Maya would have to buy a car. Until now, she has been driving an older model Prius that was given to her by her dad, who bought it new. She likes the car, but wants to upgrade to a new car when she starts her residency. She has never had a new car and believes that the changes that will take place in her life over the next year will warrant one. She feels confident in her ability to select a suitable new car. Having grown up in a family that subscribed to Consumer Reports ever since she can remember, she seems well-informed about many products, including automobiles. Her parents have always been careful shoppers. They taught her and her older brother how to save money, spend less, and not to give in to impulses. Moreover, her dad and brother are knowledgeable about cars. Her brother, who has just started his private practice, will be of tremendous help in the process. With his extensive toy car collection from childhood, he has been a car enthusiast and is highly knowledgeable about automobiles. However, her plan has been to go through the car-buying process with as minimal outside help as possible. Maya has done some serious research on cars she is considering. She has a set of basic criteria, such as miles per gallon (MPG) of 40 or more, interior (leather only), body style (4-door), no built-in GPS-Nav system, iPhone/iPad and Bluetooth connectivity, le trunk space, low maintenance, minimum 4-star safety rating, ABS system, electronic displays on the dashboard, smooth handling and ride, manual transmission, and so on. Because she is likely to move to a northern city, having heated seats are preferable but not a must. She has also heard of other features such as independent suspension and all-wheel-drive options, but is not quite sure how they would benefit her. At the same time, there are options and features that Maya does not care for: acceleration/performance, V-6 engine, offroad ability, extended warranty, towing capacity, sun or moon roof, and so on. The realizes that she will never find her ideal car and that she will have to compromise on a few items. Even though price is not likely to be a major factor in her decision, she had an upper limit of $35,000 for her car. Maya is not very familiar with financing options available to her, and leaving the nest for the very first time, she is aware that she will have to buy her own car insurance. Despite her accident-free record, she was concerned about her premiums. Because financing and insurance are the two areas that Maya is most unfamiliar with, she knows she will need to rely on her family to explain them to her. Maya is anxious about starting out on her own in a new city, yet with regard to buying her own car for the very first time, she feels confident. She has had the luxury of time, since she has delayed buying the car until after her graduation but before leaving for the residency. She has gathered most of her information from magazines and various websites. She has watched very little TV and thus paid scant attention to the car ads. She is more interested in non-biased sources of car information. Even though she has steered family conversations to include cars, she has not informed them of her intent to buy a new car before her residency begins. She has also brought up the topic subtly with her friends, who have given her a variety of opinions on various makes and models. Her plan has been to first gather information from trustworthy sources, mull over it, and possibly narrow down her options before seeking some assistance from her family. She has positive impressions of the Prius she has been driving, and she knows she wants an environmentally friendly vehicle. Given the number of cars that fit the description, she knows she has a long road ahead. But her informal discussions with family and friends have helped. Maya considers herself to be a very logical person and thus is more interested in the functional aspects of the car. The look and feel of the car are important to her, but they are secondary in nature. Her color choices are basic: silver or black. Yet one aspect of research she has avoided up to this point is visiting local dealerships. Having gone car shopping with her family in the past, she is realistic about her own experience. For instance, she is not comfortable negotiating prices or making instant decisions about certain aspects of the purchase. She plans to take her dad or brother along when visiting dealerships. Now that she has had a chance to review the information she has gathered, she feels confident about four specific models: Toyota Prius V, Hyundai Sonata Hybrid, Ford Fiesta Hybrid, and Volkswagen TDI Diesel. Brands she has rejected for one reason or the other include Chevy Volt, Nissan Leaf, Toyota Camry Hybrid, and Honda Civic Hybrid. Having been involved in her family’s car buying decisions in the past, she knows that she has to also order Consumer Reports’ new car pricing reports before visiting car dealerships. Also, given how selective her dad and brother can be about cars, she wants to narrow down her choices before seeking specific brand advice from them. She is sure that they will approve of her initial choices. It’s now a few days after the graduation ceremony. Maya and her family are preparing for her move to New York-Presbyterian Hospital for her residency. It’s finally time to make a decision and buy that new car.

1. Based on the various perspectives of consumer decision making, what type of a shopper is Maya and why?

2. Apply the consumer decision-making process stages to Maya’s actions as a consumer, or describe Maya’s actions within the framework of the consumer decision-making process.

3. Is Maya utilizing the affect-based or attribute-based evaluation process? Justify your answer.

4. Based on the information provided in the case, what are the determinants of the evaluative criteria that the customer is using? Explain each in detail.

5. In your opinion, which decision rule (compensatory or noncompensatory) is Maya utilizing in her car-buying process?


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