# Averaging (cross-section) method to estimate the quantity of cut

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 PART 1
Use the grid averaging (cross-section) method to estimate the quantity of cut and/or fill required for a 30ʹ × 30ʹ grid with the following existing elevations at its four corners: 91.67ʹ, 99.33ʹ, 93.25ʹ, and 96.33ʹ. Assume the proposed rough grade is 95.00ʹ for all four corners. (hint: the 95ʹ contour line divides the cell into two sections with equal areas)
Estimate (in loose cubic yards) the quantity of topsoil that need to be removed and stockpiled for the above building plan. Assume 9ʺ of topsoil that need to be removed for an area extending 5ʹ beyond the building footprint in each direction. The swell factor is 15 percent.
Estimate (in bank cubic yards) the volume of soil to be removed for the mass excavation of the basement area only of the above building plan. The foundation wall thickness is 1ʹ and the bottom of the continuous footing is 9ʹ below the rough grade level. Assume 1.5ʹ of working space on each side and an excavation slope of 1:1. PART 2
Estimate the formwork (in SFCA) needed for the footings and foundation walls in the basement area only of the shown building plan. The footings are 1ʹ deep and the foundation walls are 8ʹ high.
Estimate the amount of concrete needed for the footings and foundation walls in the basement area only of the shown building plan.
If the 6ʺ thick slab-on-grade (S.O.G.) at the south side of the building has steel reinforcement of #4 bars @12ʺ O.C. E.W., estimate the total length (in feet) and weight (in pounds) of this reinforcement (assume 10% for lap and waste – #4 bars weigh 0.668 lb/ft).
If the reinforcement in question 3 was substituted with a welded wire mesh, how many 120 SF sheets are needed to reinforce this S.O.G. (assume 15% for lap and waste)?

African Commission, which permits people and NGOs (in any event, when they are not immediate casualties) to bring cases under the African Charter, the Court doesn#8217;t permit programmed remaining to individual casualties and NGOs that frequently follow up for casualties #8211; the state against which they are grumbling initially needs to hold up #8216;an exceptional revelation tolerating the skill of the Court to hear basic liberties cases got along these lines#8217; . As a general rule, it is normal that most cases will be alluded to the Court by the Commission, very much like in the Inter-American framework wherein people and NGOs likewise don#8217;t have direct admittance to the Court, and where most of cases are alluded by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights . Request Admissibility Criteria In both provincial frameworks, the petitions should satisfy a few acceptability standards prior to being heard. #8216;Depletion of homegrown cures#8217; is the standard that generally impacts haven searchers and evacuees. The Inter-American Commission has commonly managed the issue thoughtfully, holding for instance #8216;that where shelter looking for candidates face deficient methods for leading displaced person status assurance then the pertinent exemption for the prerequisite to deplete homegrown cures is locked in#8217; . In the African framework, the issue regarding whether shelter searchers and evacuees who have escaped the district against which they are appealing to in any case have to have depleted homegrown cures there first, has demonstrated combative and the statute is conflicting, apparently being more tolerant with the people who have been conceded exile status than with refuge searchers . For instance, in Communication 215/98, Rights International v Nigeria, the complainant is a Nigerian understudy who was allowed exile status in the US and for his situation the #8216;Bonus announced the correspondence acceptable because there was an absence of accessible and compelling homegrown solutions for common freedoms infringement in Nigeria under the tactical system#8217; . Conversely, Communication 247/2002, in the interest of Jean Simbarakiye v Democratic Republic of Congo, was announcegt;

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